Thursday, September 29, 2022
HomeWildlifeRHINO POACHING & DEHORNING IN KZN — Wild Tomorrow Fund


Rhino horn has lengthy been utilized in conventional Jap medication, nevertheless, the latest surge within the unlawful horn market comes from nations like Vietnam and China. Though there are no scientific medical advantages to consuming rhino horn, it’s getting used for an array of circumstances reminiscent of curing most cancers, lowering one’s hangover, sexual incompetence, and extra. It is usually used as a standing image by rich people. Due to this, it has despatched the value of rhino horn skyrocketing to upwards of $65,000 (USD) per kilogram…which is greater than the value of cocaine or gold. Rhino poaching includes each native poachers and worldwide felony syndicates that smuggle the high-value commodity throughout borders.


Because the variety of rhinos poached will increase, it turns into an increasing number of pricey to guard the remaining rhino. Reserves in our area, each authorities and privately run, are doing no matter they’ll to make sure the security of this species. Issues that they’re doing to stop poaching in KZN embrace:

  • Upgraded Safety: which means extra monitoring and fence patrols, extra discipline rangers, extra frequent foot/automobile patrols, and extra.

  • Utilizing Expertise: reserves are embracing using expertise to help of their conservation efforts together with drone surveillance, situational consciousness platforms reminiscent of CMORE, CCTV cameras, wi-fi digicam traps, thermal imaging cameras, and extra.

  • Canine and Equine Items: the place assets enable, reserves make use of canine items which might be skilled for the detection and apprehension of poachers in addition to equine items for monitoring and surveillance.

  • Aviation assist: seen policing and fence patrols are carried out by Challenge Rhino’s ZAP-Wing (Zululand Anti-Poaching Wing) airplane, which can also be known as out to assist as an “eye within the sky” if poachers are being actively pursued.

  • Neighborhood Help: educating and uplifting the agricultural communities surrounding sport reserves in addition to supporting household livelihoods by offering jobs.

  • Dehorning: rhino dehorning is the single-handed smartest thing a reserve may be doing to save lots of their rhinos. By disincentivizing poachers, they’re retaining their rhinos secure.


It’s an unlucky actuality that in an effort to save rhinos from extinction, people have to intervene. Dehorning rhinos is a short-term preventative measure utilized by wildlife reserves to assist hold rhinos secure from poachers, eradicating the goal from their faces. Dehorning will not be a preventative in itself however mixed with stringent safety measures it creates much less reward for a similar danger.

As a result of rhino horn is made up of keratin (the identical factor as our fingernails), it may be trimmed down with out hurting the rhino. Consider it as clipping your fingernails! Simply as if you clip your nails, they slowly develop again – the identical goes for the rhino horn. As soon as a reserve has made the choice to dehorn its rhino, it should be maintained to ensure that it to be efficient. A dehorned rhino will must be “retrimmed” each 18-24 months. If left longer the horn that grows again could also be simply sufficient to incentivize a poacher to kill the rhino for its horn. As you possibly can think about, this isn’t the long-term answer to rhino poaching, however within the brief time period, it has saved tons of (if not 1000’s) of people. Right here is the detailed strategy of dehorning a rhino:

  • As soon as a reserve makes the choice to dehorn their rhinos, they first want to seek out funding. It’s a very pricey observe together with veterinary, helicopter, and floor crew prices. Funding usually comes from reserve working prices, visitor funding, NGO assist, or sometimes authorities assist. Wild Tomorrow Fund is proud to help our neighboring reserves with funding for rhino dehornings. Since our inception in 2015, we’ve funded the secure dehorning of 45 rhinos.

  • An appropriate rhino should be positioned to dehorn. Reserve Managers and Rhino Screens usually have an thought of what rhino they’re on the lookout for or a minimal horn size for which they’d wish to dehorn. With the assistance of the bottom crew and aerial surveillance reminiscent of a fixed-wing aircraft or helicopter, they may find the rhino they intend to dehorn.

  • As soon as the rhino has been positioned, the wildlife veterinarian will be part of the helicopter pilot and dart the rhino from the sky. That is no simple feat – aiming at a shifting goal from a helicopter is a difficult train, however wildlife veterinarians impress us time and time once more with their intention and precision. The animal shall be darted with a concoction of medication which might be used to quickly immobilize the rhino.



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